EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION

Jun 18, 2017,

What is it?

Accidents happen. That’s why there’s emergency contraception — a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex.

What kinds of emergency contraception are there?

                       

There are 2 ways to prevent pregnancy after you have unprotected sex:

Option 1: Get a ParaGard IUD within 120 hours (5 days) after having unprotected sex. This is the most effective type of emergency contraception.

Option 2: Take an emergency contraceptive pill (AKA the morning-after pill) within 120 hours (5 days) after having unprotected sex. There are 2 types of morning-after pills:

You can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy if:

  • you didn’t use a condom or other birth control method when you had vaginal sex

  • you messed up your regular birth control (forgot to take your birth control pills, change your patch or ring, or get your shot on time) and had vaginal sex

  • your condom broke or slipped off after ejaculation (cumming)

  • your partner didn't pull out in time

  • you were forced to have unprotected vaginal sex

What kind of emergency contraception is best for me?

The best emergency contraception (EC) for you depends on a few things:

  • when you had unprotected sex
  • which kind of EC is easiest for you to get
  • your height and weight (called your BMI)
  • whether you’re breastfeeding.
  • If you've used the pill, patch, or ring in the last 5 days

How Does It Work?

Levonorgestrel is a progesterone-like hormone that is given in a high enough dose to prevent pregnancy. The number of pills taken depends on the type of pill being used. This type of ECP is most effective when it is taken as soon as possible after intercourse, although it can still reduce the risk of pregnancy when taken up to 120 hours after sex.

ECPs work by delaying ovulation (the release of an egg during a girl's monthly cycle). If fertilization and implantation have already happened, levonorgestrel won't interrupt the pregnancy.

Emergency contraception will not prevent pregnancy if a girl has unprotected sex after taking the ECPs.

Protection Against STDs

Emergency contraception does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. Couples having sex must always use condoms to protect against STDs even when using another method of birth control. If a condom breaks (or a couple has unprotected sex), it's a good idea to get tested for STDs.

Abstinence (not having sex or any intimate sexual contact) is the only method that always prevents pregnancy and STDs. If a girl has been forced to have unwanted sex, she should see a doctor right away to be tested for STDs That's because it's important to treat some STDs immediately before they develop into bigger problems.

Possible Side Effects

Many girls who take emergency contraception pills have side effects such as nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, and fatigue. These are usually minor, and most improve within 1 to 2 days. A girl's menstrual period may be temporarily irregular after taking ECPs.

You need a prescription from a doctor to get emergency contraception.But you can get a fast medical consultation and prescription if you wish to discuss any specific problem.  CLICK HERE

 

References

1.http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/contraception-emergency.html#

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