MUMPS IN CHILDREN

Apr 12, 2017,

What Is Mumps?

Mumps is a contagious disease caused by a virus that passes from one person to another through saliva, nasal secretions, and close personal contact.

Its an important communicable disease.

The condition primarily affects the parotid glands. Parotid glands — also called salivary glands — are the organs responsible for producing saliva. There are three sets of salivary glands on each side of your face, located behind and below your ears. The hallmark symptom of mumps is swelling of the salivary glands.

 

EPIDEMIOLOGY

Its a common childhood disease worldwide.

Its still a significant threat to health in the developing world.

Peak incidence of the disease occur in children between age 5-15 years.

Affects both sexes equally.

 

What Are the Symptoms of Mumps?

Symptoms of mumps usually appear within two weeks of exposure to the virus. Flu-like symptoms may be the first to appear, including:

  • Painful swelling of one or both side cheeks.
  • fatigue
  • body aches
  • headache
  • loss of appetite
  • low-grade fever
  • Discomfort in eating or drinking.

 

 

MODE OF TRANSMISSION

Mumps can spread through:

-Direct contact

-Air droplets (coughing and sneezing)

-Saliva and urine are effective.

 

What Are the Complications Associated with Mumps?

Complications from mumps are rare, but they can be serious if left untreated. Mumps mostly affects the parotid glands. However, it can also cause inflammation in other areas of the body, including the brain and reproductive organs.

They include:

-Deafness

-Meningitis

-Arthritis

-Pancreatitis

-Thyroiditis

-Eye complications

You can usually return to work or school about one week after a doctor diagnoses your mumps, if you feel up to it. By this point, you’re no longer contagious. Mumps usually runs its course in a couple of weeks. Ten days into your illness, you should be feeling better.

 

How Can I Prevent Mumps?

 

Most people who get mumps can’t contract the disease a second time. Having the virus once protects you against becoming infected again.

Vaccination can prevent mumps. Most infants and children receive a vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) at the same time. The first MMR shot is generally given between the ages of 12 and 15 months at a routine well-child visit. A second vaccination is necessary for school-aged children between 4 and 6 years old.

Adults who were born before 1957 and haven’t yet contracted mumps may wish to be vaccinated. Those who work in a high-risk environment, such as a hospital or school, should always be vaccinated against mumps.

Consult a doctor about an immunization schedule for you and your children.click here now

Have you noticed the symptoms on you or your children.Talk to a doctor now.click here

 

REFERENCES

http://www.webmd.boots.com/children/guide/mumps

http://www.healthline.com/health/mumps#prevention5

 

 

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