Main Reasons of Sore Throat and How Can it Be Healed

Jan 26, 2018,

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First it's that rough feeling, like you swallowed a bit of sandpaper. You know what's next: a sore throat. Is it the start of a cold, strep -- or something else?

"For most sore throats, you probably don't need to see a doctor. You can treat it with over-the-counter remedies, take time off from work, and rest," 

Here are some of the most common reasons people get a sore throat and tips for when to call your doctor.


1.Viral infection

Most sore throats are triggered by a viral infection. These are infections caused by a virus, such as the common cold or the flu.

Other types of viral infections include:

  • measles, which is a contagious illness characterized by a distinct rash and fever
  • chickenpox, which is an infection that causes skin sores
  • croup, which is an infection of the larynx


2.Bacterial infection

A bacterial infection can also cause a sore throat. These types of infections include:

  • strep throat, which is an inflammation of the throat caused by the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria
  • diphtheria, which causes throat inflammation
  • whooping cough, which affects the respiratory mucous membrane


3.Environmental factors

Not all sore throats are viral or bacterial. Several other things can cause throat pain.

  • If you’re allergic to mold, pet dander, pollen, or other irritants, exposure to these allergens can trigger postnasal drip. Postnasal drip occurs when excess mucus accumulates in the back of your throat. This accumulation can irritate your throat and cause pain or inflammation.
  • Dry air can make your throat feel raw and scratchy.
  • Smoking cigarettes or breathing in cigarette smoke can trigger persistent sore throats.
  • Yelling or too much talking can trigger throat strain.


4.Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may also cause a sore throat. This is a digestive condition that occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus. This condition causes an array of symptoms outside of a sore throat, such as:

  • hoarseness
  • heartburn
  • nausea


How to treat a sore throat yourself

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To help soothe a sore throat and shorten how long it lasts you can:

  • gargle with warm salty water (children shouldn't’t try this)
  • drink plenty of water - but avoid hot drinks
  • eat cool or soft foods
  • avoid smoking or smoky places
  • suck ice cubes, ice lollies or hard sweets - but don’t give young children anything small and hard to suck because of the risk of choking
  • rest.



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  • your sore throat doesn’t improve after a week
  • you often get sore throats
  • you’re worried about your sore throat
  • you have a sore throat and a very high temperature, or you feel hot and shivery






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By Adedoyin Sule (ID: DOC1089)       Comments       Rating: