Jan 26, 2018,

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It’s common for many girls to have mild pain with their periods a couple of days each month. However, if your pain is not relieved with over-the-counter pain medicine, and you miss school or doing things with your friends because of it, you may have dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods}

What is dysmenorrhea?

Dysmenorrhea is a medical term that means “difficult or painful periods”. 

What are the symptoms of dysmenorrhea?

Most young women who have dysmenorrhea have lower back pain and cramping in the lower area of the abdomen during their periods. This pain can range from dull to throbbing. Some girls may have other symptoms during their period such as nausea, vomiting, loose bowel movements/diarrhea, constipation, bloating in the belly area, headaches, and/or lightheadedness, all of which can be mild to severe.

What are the causes?

There may not be an identifiable cause of your painful menstrual periods. Some women are at a higher risk for having painful menstrual periods. These risks include:

  • being under age 20
  • having a family history of painful periods
  • smoking
  • having heavy bleeding with periods
  • having irregular periods
  • never having had a baby
  • reaching puberty before age 11

Painful menstrual periods can also be the result of an underlying medical condition, such as:

  • premenstrual syndrome (PMS
  • fibroids in the uterus:
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID

Home treatment

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Home care treatments may be successful as remedies for menstrual pain and they can include:

  • using a heating pad on your pelvic area or back
  • massaging your abdomen
  • taking a warm bath
  • regular physical exercise

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  • eating light, nutritious meals
  • practicing relaxation techniques or yoga

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  • taking an anti-inflammatory medication
  • raising your legs or lying with your knees bent

When to call a doctor

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If menstrual pain is interfering with your ability to perform basic tasks each month, it may be time to talk to your gynecologist. Talk to your doctor about your symptoms and if you experience any of the following:

  • continuing pain after IUD placement
  • at least three painful menstrual periods
  • passing blood clots
  • cramping accompanied by diarrhea and nausea
  • pelvic pain when not menstruating


If you wish to discuss about any specific problem you can consult a gynaecologist and ask a free question. CLICK HERE





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By Adedoyin Sule (ID: DOC1089)       Comments       Rating: